Guinea Pig Care | Tips | Guide Sheet

$FREE Add to cart

Guinea Pig Tip Sheet Guide

Product Information

Before you bring home your new cherished pet, be sure to make sure it has everything it needs to be happy and well. Below are basic guides & tips for your convenience and use.

Click here to print out a PDF copy: Guinea Pig Tip Sheet Guide – Google Docs


  • cage or hut or pen /home with a smooth bottom
  • pet-carrier
  • dish for food
  • water bottle
  • bedding/litter
  • hay rack
  • timothy hay, orchard grass, or oat grass
  • brush
  • nail trimmers
  • safe chew item
  • separate small hut/house/box to hide & sleep in


  • keep your guinea pig away from cats and dogs
  • provide them with daily floor play time
  • remove stale food daily
  • provide fresh water daily
  • to minimize the risk of respiratory disease maintain the temperature at 65-75 degrees
  • because guinea pigs are active, provide ample space to move about (living quarters at least 18 inches wide, 14 inches high, and 25 inches deep)
  • no aquariums (poor ventilation) and no mesh or wire-floor cages (hurt guinea pigs’ tender feet)
  • they chew on things in the cage due to their constant growing teeth so purchase as much nontoxic items as possible
  • do not use sawdust, cedar chips, or fabrics for nesting/bedding instead provide plenty of high-quality hay for nesting and snacking
  • provide a gnawing log (such as an untreated fruit tree branch), tunnels for crawling & platforms for climbing
  • heavy food bowl resistant to tipping and gnawing and a water bottle with a sipper tube
  • fruits are treats to guinea pigs (be sure to remove the seeds, which are toxic)
  • ask your assisting veterinarian about vitamin supplements
  • guinea pigs are happiest so keep two or more together of the same sex

HOW TO HOLD YOUR GUINEA PIG (make sure the entire body is supported)

  • slowly place one hand under the chest just behind the front legs
  • gently cup your other hand under his hindquarters
  • be sure to have a firm but gentle grip on the animal and lift
  • immediately pull him close to your chest or lap so he feels safe and doesn’t toss & turn

WHAT TO FEED YOUR GUINEA PIG (a variety is best)

  • each guinea pig will require about one cup of vegetables per day and it is best to divide the veggie meal into two servings
  • hay should be the majority daily diet
  • commercial guinea pig food, formulated especially for the species of your guinea pig
  • they need lot of vitamin C (consider a powered supplement)
  • grass, between a handful to several handfuls, more in the warmer months
  • green pepper, 1/8 to 1/4 of whole pepper
  • romaine lettuce, one or two large leaves
  • tomato, wedge of large tomato or small roma tomato
  • fresh veggies such as kale, broccoli leaves, and radish greens
  • Occasional vegetables:
    • broccoli leaves (small) and peeled broccoli stem
    • chinese cabbage (pak-choi), one leaf
    • corn silks and husks when in season
    • parsley, one or more sprigs
    • forages like chickweed, dandelions, and young clover
  • Fruit (a couple fruits per day from this list):

    • apple, thin wedge, no seeds
    • apricot, dried, a couple raisin-sized pieces
    • banana, 1/4″ round slice
    • blueberries, several
    • cantaloupe, 1″X 2″piece with washed rind
    • grapes or raisins (not both), one or two
    • orange, one slice
    • strawberries
    • watermelon, 1″ X 2″ piece with washed rind


  • potato skins and eyes – very high in oxalic acid
  • too many carrots
  • iceberg lettuce
  • cabbage
  • broccoli
  • brussels sprouts
  • cauliflower


  • to stay clean and tangle-free, long-haired breeds require frequent brushing and combing
  • once a month clip nails on feet
  • every 2-4 days scrub and disinfect the cage, then let it dry before lining the floor with fresh bedding and replacing the cage furnishings
  • the water bottle and sipper tube must be cleaned daily to prevent buildup of food, algae, and bacteria


  • trim nails
  • trim hair
  • brush coat
  • bath only every few months; AVOID water in ears
  • clean ears every other week